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Everything about Sewing Machine Motors

Posted by Jacksew on Jan 25, 2023

Everything about Sewing Machine Motors
A servo motor is a closed-loop control system that uses feedback (via the pedal) to accurately control the speed, position, and torque of the motor. Servo motors are known for their extreme high accuracy, precise control, and energy efficiency.

Servo motors come in two types: brushed and brushless. The main difference between brushed and brushless motors is the way they are constructed and how they generate power.

Brushed Servo Motors

Brushed motors use a set of mechanical brushes that make contact with the rotor (the moving part of the motor) to create an electrical current and generate power. This process generates a significant amount of friction and heat, which can wear out the brushes and other components over time.

Brushless Servo Motors

On the other hand, brushless motors use a set of permanent magnets attached to the rotor and a set of electromagnetic coils attached to the stator (the stationary part of the motor). When an electrical current is applied to the coils, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the magnets on the rotor to generate power. This process generates less (sometimes zero) friction and less heat than brushed motors, which means they tend to be more durable, energy efficient, and have a longer lifespan.

In a few words, the main difference between brushed and brushless motors is that brushed motors use mechanical brushes to generate power while brushless motors use zero contact permanent magnets and electromagnetic coils to generate power. Brushless motors are more efficient, longer lasting, and have better control over the speed and torque output.

Also, one more difference, because of their unique ability to precisely control the movement, brushless servo-motors support the needle position control feature (a.k.a. synchronizer) whereas brushed servo-motors do not support it.

Direct Drive Motors

A direct drive sewing machine motor is a brushless servo motor that directly connects to the sewing machine's drive shaft, eliminating the need for a belt or gears to transfer power. This type of motor is considered to be more efficient than traditional motors because it eliminates energy loss through the transmission process.

Direct drive motors are also known for their high torque, which means they can generate a large amount of power to turn the needle and drive the machine. This results in a more stable and consistent sewing experience, with less vibration, noise and maintenance.

Clutch Motors

A clutch motor, on the other hand, is a type of electric motor that is commonly used in sewing machines. It uses a clutch mechanism to engage and disengage the motor from the sewing machine's drive shaft. Clutch motors are known for their simplicity and reliability, but they do not offer the same level of precise control as servo motors.

In summary, the main difference between a servo motor and a clutch motor for a sewing machine is that a servo motor offers precise control and is more energy efficient, while a clutch motor is simpler, but may require maintenance from time to time such as changing the carbon brushes or the clutch brakes.

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